Topical issues of investigation and trial by an international criminal court of cases of international crimes

An important task for Ukraine is the ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, as well as the further implementation of its provisions into national legislation and law enforcement practice. This will provide proper legal grounds for the investigation and effective trial by the International Criminal Court of cases of international crimes that encroach on the national interests. New tasks are also facing forensic science, which, using the latest advances in natural, technical, and social sciences, adapts them to the tasks of criminal procedure, transforms them into forensic practice, provides forensic support for the investigation and trial of crimes under international law. The issues of investigation and trial of international crimes by the International Criminal Court were not subjected to a separate study, which determined the purpose of the paper presented. The general dialectical method was decisive for the achievement of the set purpose. In the course of the study the characteristics of international crimes were given, the principles of activity of the International Criminal Court, to whose jurisdiction international crimes belong, were determined; the necessity of ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court by Ukraine was substantiated; the basic principles of forensic support of investigation and trial by the International Criminal Court of cases of international crimes were determined; the importance of formation of criminological methods of investigation and trial of international crimes was clarified. It is substantiated that the effective investigation and trial by the International Criminal Court of cases of international crimes requires forensic support, the use of forensic tools, methods, techniques in compliance with international standards. The main areas of forensic support are technical, tactical, and methodological. The forensic methodology for the investigation and trial of international crimes by the International Criminal Court is designed to offer the most effective methods in accordance with international standards and to achieve the goals of justice. The specified forensic methodology is characterised by a number of features, in particular, it should cover the interaction of a wide range of competent entities both within the state and at the international level

Doi: 10.37635/jnalsu.27(4).2020.267-281