State Administration of Foreign Affairs in Scientific Views of Pre-revolutionary Scientists in the Field of Administrative (Police) Law

The article is devoted to research of scientific views of pre-revolutionary scientists in the field of administrative (police) law on state foreign affairs administration. Based on the analysis of a number of scientific papers of pre-revolutionary scientists in the field of administrative (police) law (the second half of the ХІХ – beginning of the XX) it is concluded that pre-revolutionary scientists had not paid special attention to research of state foreign affairs administration, its theoretical, institutional and legal framework. It is emphasized that there was dominant concept in pre-revolutionary science of administrative (police) law in according to which administrative relations in sphere of foreign affairs administration belonged to subject of international
law. In this context, governance issues in foreign affairs were considered in scientific papers in the field of administrative (police) law of specified period only fragmented in terms of definitions of types of governance and their features, relationship between them, delimitation of subjects of administrative, financial, international and other branches of law etc. At the same time it is emphasized that some representatives of pre-revolutionary science of administrative (police) law indicated to close relationship between state internal police (administrative) activity and external (foreign affairs) administration. Some of scientists noted the complex nature of diplomatic activity, indicating that the operation of some of its institutions is both subject of international and administrative law (I. Andryeyevskyy), others – considered foreign affairs administration as a matter of subject of administrative law, but only in the broadest its sense (V. Ivanovsky). Some scientists progressively indicated to the artificial limitation of
administrative law only by internal state administration and noted shortcomings of this approach (A. Yelistratov) grounding the conditions for change in the perception of state administration in foreign policy as part of subject of administrative law.