Employment discrimination: issues of efficiency of national and international standards

 Discrimination is contrary to the eternal aspirations of human to freedom, equality, justice. It becomes a particular problem in the field of labour relations, as it concerns the most important rights from the point of view of satisfying physical and spiritual needs, including: the right to equal access to work, to equal remuneration for work, to equal chances in career growth, to protection from unemployment and others. Therefore, the main goal of this study is to analyse the legal regulation of ensuring equality of rights for workers and non-discrimination in the labour, both internationally and nationally, to define the concept of discrimination in labour relations, to analyse the most common types of discrimination, their manifestations and to make proposals for their overcoming and enhancing the effectiveness of national and international standards. To complete the research tasks and achieve the goal, the following were used: the dialectical method of scientific knowledge, systemic and logical approaches, the abstract-logical method, the system analysis method, the historical and legal method, the comparative legal method and others. The author, as a result of the study, solved the following tasks and formed the following conceptual provisions: he has analysed the gender gap in the world of work in the Republic of Kazakhstan and focused on the need to combat such discrimination; the imperfection of the judicial system and mechanisms for protecting the rights of citizens in this area has been revealed, their low efficiency has been emphasised; the conceptual and categorical apparatus of the investigated legal relations has been researched, and the variability of approaches to the definition of the term “discrimination” has been revealed, both at the doctrinal and legislative levels; cases of discrimination on various grounds have been examined; the necessity of making changes to the current legal regulation of the investigated legal relations, especially in the field of strengthening legal liability for violations, has been justified; the attention is focused on the sequence and the need to intensify the implementation of international standards in the field of non-discrimination in the national legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan