To the problem of structure and classifications of criminal policy formation

The existence of different approaches in the understanding of criminal policy and its relationship with the political and strategic categories of sciences of the criminal law cycle return to the renewal of approaches to the formation of the structure and types of criminal policy. Given the relevance of this topic, the article is devoted to the problem of forming the structure and classifications of criminal policy. To do this, the author turned to the sciences of the criminal law cycle and their existing research on political and strategic approaches to combating criminal offences (crime). This provided an opportunity to develop their own approach to determining the elemental structure of the criminal policy, consisting of: 1) the subject, purpose, method, principles and its consumers; 2) means, environment and professional participants in its implementation. Classifications of criminal policy “vertically” and “based on criminal law classification of criminal offences according to an object” were also provided. The division of criminal policy into types allowed to indicate the relationship between criminal law, criminal executive, criminal procedural, criminological, international criminal policy and criminalistics strategy with their generic concept – criminal policy. It is also important to consider them in unity, which will form strategies, programs, plans and algorithms in combating criminal offences, achieve goals and meet the objectives of regulations. The structure of criminal policy and its classification into types provides an opportunity to consider in more detail the strategic counteraction to criminal offences by means of public and state influence on the systemic reform of criminal justice and its bodies in the long run. Establishing common approaches to understanding criminal policy among scientists in the field of criminal law provides an opportunity to form it as a science or interdisciplinary and interdisciplinary institution with an appropriate structure

Doi: 10.37635/jnalsu.27(4).2020.282-293