In the article the author‚ based on contemporary works of domestic and foreign international lawyers and legal documents‚ analyses the content of universal and regional international treaties that govern the activities of states in the arctic region. Overall, the treaty mechanism of international legal regulation of cooperation in the Arctic includes the system of international treaties of arctic states. The author focuses on legal instruments, such as the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982), which cover issues affecting the Arctic. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is a complex international legal act in the sphere of international maritime law. He offers his own classification of regional international «Arctic treaties» within the framework of bilateral cooperation and the definition of «the legal mechanism of international legal regulation of cooperation in the Arctic region». He explores‚ in particular‚ the system of international treaties that govern relations in the Arctic region as an important component of «Arctic law». The «Arctic law» consists of international hard law (universal or regional international treaties)‚soft law (declarations of international organizations) and national law.
Keywords: the Arctic‚ international treaty‚ international cooperation‚ international legal regulation‚ arctic law