Evidence in criminal proceedings: admissibility issues in modern realities

In modern realities, evidence in an information and cognitive context can be regarded as a kind of bridge between investigating lawyers (investigator, prosecutor) and the event of the past, investigated in the context of the requirements of Article 91 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine. This is connected with the fact that, with help of the evidence, the parties, judging from the content of the ideal and material traces of the event of the past, can obtain the information they need, from which they form the procedural knowledge according to their positional interest. Therefore, the main purpose of the paper is to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the institution of admissibility of evidence in criminal proceedings in the territory of Ukraine, with consideration of the reform of national legislation and law enforcement practice. To achieve this purpose, common scientific methods and techniques are applied, namely: the method of dialectical cognition; modelling method; comparative law method; Aristotelian method; statistical method; method of legal and technical analysis. The author states that provisions of the current legislation, which regulate the admissibility of evidence, objectively determine other procedural institutes of pre-trial proceedings. In this regard, while assessing the integrative impact of the institution of admissibility on the process of proof, it should be noted that it does not correspond to the current level of threats to economic, national security in the form of cybercrime, organized forms of economic crime and elitist corruption. The article argues that the modern criminal process with its inherent institution of admissibility does not effectively protect the national interests of Ukraine and human rights enshrined in the international legal obligations undertaken by our state. Therefore, the current geopolitical situation and European integration aspirations of our country demand changes in criminal offense, criminal procedure policy and appropriate legal regulation, which should become a legal toolkit on the way to overcoming the issues of the admissibility of evidence and ensuring the effective protection of human and citizen rights