The objective of this paper is to compare the main features, factors and measures of prevention of the illegal use of force (or synonymic ’use of violence’) of German and Ukrainian police. The results of the comparative study of illegal violence by police officers in the works written by Professor T . F eltes and the works of Ukrainian scientists, the determination of common features and peculiarities give reasons for using the German progressive experience. 2087 cases out of 2417 ones concerning the illegal violence of police officers were suspended by prosecutor’s office in Germany in 2011, which makes up to 95 %. Only 5 % of cases were taken to the court. The number of corresponding cases in Ukraine in 2012 was two times less and made up to 2.6 %. T. F eltes specifies the main factors of illegal use of force by police officers: fear of conflict escalation; threat to the authority; influence of the subjective evaluation of the confrontation situation. The police officer’s inner stress is caused by the fear of the search results of his working place, computer, as well as by the fear of the control of his phone calls and official and personal correspondence from his official or personal computer. Under the influence of inner stress the major part of the police officers gradually becomes indifferent to problems at work that arise from the illegal use of force by their colleagues, and these problems are not reported by them. In 2012 every fiftieth Ukrainian suffered from police officers’ tyranny and torture in Ukraine. The main reason was a mutual concealment of crimes by the police and the government, which gave rise to massive protests of the citizens and outbreaks of war against the police. Corruption and the opportunity to extort money from the affected victims turned the unjustified violence into a source of income. The lack of the system of effective investigation of cases and objective comprehensive statistics on the extent of the phenomenon contributes to the prevalence of illegal violence in the internal affairs authorities.
T. F eltes reasonably concludes that the unity of the police ranks and the behavior of their leaders have a strong impact on the employees. He draws attention to a peculiarity that also applies to Ukrainian police. Police officers think over for several days as for what to report about the incident, realize its scale and ef fects, form their personal point of view on it and refrain from the statements in order not to take the risk of turning from the witness into the suspect. At the same time, the complexity of police work gives the opportunity to hide the incidents and the responsibility for them in order not to worsen the situation in the subdivision. T. F eltes emphasizes that the ’wall of silence’ and corporate spirit contribute to the police officers’ violence. The scientist describes a sequence of actions in the mechanism of violence emergence. The everyday opposition to law breakers makes the use of force a common police activity. Prosecutors and judges should first of all get over the reflex of trust to the employee and then trust the citizen more than the police officer in order to accuse the latter of the crime. T. F eltes reasonably believes that illegal violence cannot be rooted out only by punishing the guilty police officers. The use of Professor T . F eltes’s studies in Ukraine should shorten the time for implementation of European standards of police work.
Keywords: police, police, illegal use of force, to prevent police violence