Forms of government in European microstates (comparative analysis)

The article is devoted to the research of the specifics of forms of government in the European microstates. The essence of two complex tendencies of their evolution is stated. The first one covers the unification of the identical forms of government in both microstates and ordinary states including the authentic peculiarities of every particularly analyzed state. The second one stems from the duality of their evolution, namely, the tendency of microstates to keep up to the elements of historical traditions of their own political systems and simultaneous efficient application of the developed countries’ advancements in the sphere of public administration and state government; the microstate adaptation to the new conditions of development. The author emphasizes that the latter tendency has been intensified with the remnants of such traditions and governing institutions in microstates as peerage, arena assembly, late medieval statutes, captain regents, Constitution-Declaration consisting of 16 articles outlined within 2 pages, such notions as " princedo " m and " princ " e associated with medieval times that demonstrate centuries-old stable tradition of state government. All the factors, mentioned above, evidence the microstates’ anticipation of their great neighbor-states progress in the sphere of the development of social and political values to guarantee national security by means of unification – practice widely accepted by current member-states of European Union. The article sets forth the defining features of the microstate forms of government that can be divided into three groups: democratic republic, constitutional monarchy and absolute theocratic monarchy. The uniqueness of these features is revealed. The article demonstrates the preservation of sovereignty by microstates in the context of the implementation of protectionism on behalf of great states and the principles of absolutism with a constitutional recognition of the division of branches of power