Hermeneutic analysis of comparative historical and legal research sources

In the historical and legal comparative studies a wide range of methodological techniques is used to research the historical and legal facts and phenomena both at the macro and at the micro level. However, the main one is the comparative method, adapted to its needs. With the object of further concretization of this way of scientific knowledge, the specificity of the hermeneutic analysis of the sources of comparative historical and legal research is considered in the work. The author determined the ratio of historical and legal approaches when interpreting the historical monuments, made conclusions about the dualistic nature of historical and legal hermeneutics. From the point of view of the instrumental approach to the historical sources interpretation such hermeneutical categories as “text”, “understanding”, “meaning”, “interpretation” were analyzed. The author considered such forms of clarification of the text meaning as a logical analysis of the language, dialogue, structural analysis. The paper presents the most prevalent methods of interpreting written documents, in particular, cultural and historical analysis, psychological reconstruction, application, etc. The key hermeneutic interpretation principles of the sources of comparative historical and legal analysis are indicated