Criminal processual procedure: concept and features

A number of heoretical approaches to understand the systems of a criminal process as well as the concept of a ’processual procedure’ as a part of such a system are analyzed in the article. According to the researches of the scientific positions of the law theoreticians, a processual procedure is considered within the context of a definite law field as a unit of the processual sectoral system. Provided however there appears a definite conflict and a contradiction of the suggested features of this concept.
We emphasise that processual jural relations that form the content of a separate processual procedure are not always connected with corporeal jural relations. They can take their origin from other processual relations having hereby their own focused characteristics, what attaches conditions the necessity of specifics of the law regulation. According to the scientific positions of the law theoreticians the author remarks following components that form the structure of the processual procedure: 1) a complex of interrelated processual performances that are directed to solving of a definite task; 2) such kind of performances are realized because of processual jural relations that differ by focused characteristics; 3) the specifics of the processual jural relations and processual performances provide the specifics of the ways of realization of processual performance and 4) the necessity of formalization of the final processual results in corresponding acts – processual documents. The accumulation of jural relations and processual performances that form the content of processual procedure are characterized by a definite autonomy. According to the analyses and a compilation of approaches as to the determination of essential features of the criminal processual procedure that take place in the general-theoretical and criminal processual literature, the author related to those which reflect the juridical core of that concept and allow to separate it from other related concepts, particularly the phases of criminal process are following: 1) a complex relatively autonomous character of procedure – this is the compilation of interrelated processual performances that are directed to solv a definite task; 2) a special matter of procedure – such kind of performances are realized concerning processual jural relations that differ by its focused characteristics; 3) the specifics of the ways of realization of processual performances within the frame of the procedure that is provided by the specifics of processual relations and processual performances; 4) the existence of processual acts that are typical for a definite procedure provides the solution of its tasks and the final processual results are formalized in them; 5) the multisubjectivity of the procedure is concluded in the fact that in distinction from other structural components of the criminal process system, particularly from its phases, a criminal process within the frames of a separate procedure is always realized not by one competent person but by several persons who act in public interests in order to solve the tasks of a criminal procedure; 6) poly-staging of the procedure – every processual procedure has two or more phases. The author’s definition of a ’criminal processual procedure’ is determined.