The necessity of reforming the criminal legislation of Ukraine is caused by economic, political and social changes in our state. That is why the article is devoted to the research of the logical nature of indirect evidence in criminal procedure. Based on the analysis of scientific literature the logical structure of indirect evidence has been revealed, its types have been characterised, it has been determined the typical logical errors, which may be in facts proof and circumstances of committed crime using indirect evidence. It has been determined that the definition of evidence in the system of scientific knowledge is used both in the wide sense and in the narrow, in relation to a specific field of scientific activity. In logic two types of indirect evidences are highlighted: apagogical and assumption proof, which are the single method to discover the truth of certain statement.
Keywords: proof, indirect evidence, reasoning, logical errors