International standards of Human Rights: Properties, General Concept, Classification

The article describes the main features of international human rights standards that are reflected in this definition of standards: international standards of human rights – enshrined in international instruments and documents, textually and functionally standardized universal (for certain international associations) principles and norms that are highly abstract, mostly evaluative concepts that bear required or desired content and / or scope of human rights and are determined by the level of social development and its dynamics and establish positive obligations of States and provide sanctions for violations of legal or political nature. There article provides a classification of these standards. Depending on the ontological status, human rights standards are divided onto nominal (textual, which are nothing but the name of human rights that areused in international instruments) and actual or substantial (which include content and range of human right, established in in these international instruments); depending on the deontic status human rights standards are divided onto mandatory (implementation of which is formally necessary for the States, and may even be provided by international political and legal sanctions) and advisory (although not formally binding, but also be provided by international political sanctions, both moral and political); depending on the territorial criteria worldwide and regional (eg continental); depending on the range of aims – general (applied to all people)
and special (addressed only to certain social communities, groups – such as children, women, refugees); depending on the entity that establishes the standards – human rights standards of the UN, UNESCO, Council of Europe, European Union and others. This classification of human rights standards is not exhaustive. In general, it is designed to for the needs of human rights instruments construction.