Language and Law: Issue of Correlation

Peculiarity of inter connection of language and law has long been of interest for linguists and lawyers. Development of new means of communication, process of establishment of legal integration and harmonization in the countries of the European Union,
approximation of legislation of Ukraine to the requirements of the European law are those factors which have even more actualized the specified problems and draw considerable attention to the issues of inter lingual communication in the field flaw. Interest tot he issues of the language оflaw and its different aspects has risen noticeably fort he last decades which even has resulted in origin of a relatively independent discipline which is located at the junction between linguistics and law – «legal linguistics» or even «legal terminology». Many theses and studies devoted to the research of the noted issue have been published. In particular, here are works by S. P. H izhniak, N. A . V lasenko, T. V . Gubarieva, A. N. Shepelev, A. F. C herdancev and etc. In Ukraine, such authors as I. O . B ilia-Sabadash, V. D. Titov and S. E . Z arhina, N. V . A rtykutsa, S. P. K ravchenko, M. B . V erbeniets, P. M. B altadzhi, T. S. Podorozhna, Z. A . Trostyuk and othersalso devoted their works to these problems.
Main tasks of the article include analysis of interconnection and interdependence of language and law; description of the language as a universal meansof objectification of ideas, communication and information transfer; determination of a role of the term system as a special manifestation of language functioning; research of the language of law and special requirements to it. Language is a main meansof transfer of any information, universal means of objectification of ideasas well ascommunication. In the field of legal relationships, there is a special language as a sign system which serves as a means of ideas demonstration of ideas, lawyers’ professional communication, a means of transfer of professional (legal) information. This sign system includes special legalterms which have a special legal meaning and is calleda language of law or legal language.In the special studies, it has been suggested to understandthe language of law as a logical system of verbal expression of ideasby which law and its manifestations are described, that is characterized with presence of specific terminology, special objects of fixing and a certain circle of permanent users and serves as a means of intellectual legal communications. It is characterized with certain specific features whichdistinguish it among the general language, in particular: formality,clarity, accuracy, unambiguity, completeness of content, logical sequence, argumentativeness, clearness of presentation structure, prescriptive informing (directive) nature of legal regulations, codification, generalization, strict normativity of all the language levels, high degree of standardization, stylistic homogeneity, neutrality (unemotionality) etc. Main requirements to the language of law are such as adequacy, determination,
lapidary, formality, functionality. Thus, summarizing, it should be noted that language and laware closely connected, moreover, law can not exist without language. In the field of legal relationships, there is a special language as a sign system which serves as a means of demonstration of ideas, lawyers’ professional communication, a means of transfer of professional (legal) information. The legal doctrine has produced such basic requirements to the language of law as adequacy, determination, lapidary, formality, functionality. Legal terminology is an important component of the language of law .