Problem setting. The last twenty years of Ukrainian society associated with the reform of public relations and fixation in the legal standard of human rights and citizen acts as a universal moral values and achievements of modern civilized nations. For Ukraine announces the introduction of the standard material changes in the system of construction of public authority; means a steady shift in the relationship «state – law»; instrumental «upgrading» of socio-legal doctrine; establish a new regulatory paradigm. Before legal theory, this paradigm raises the following objectives: a) to define the essence of the law; b) devise adequate methodological tools to study the phenomenon of law. Today the transition legal knowledge to a new level determines pluralism methodological approaches to understanding the law. Increasingly, research resources for modern researchers are of law in the universal theory of understanding – philosophical hermeneutics. In such circumstances, the focus is on the phenomenon of thinking, a process which is accompanied by methodological instruments of the interpretation i.e. arsenal of tools belonging to the hermeneutic method.Recent research and publications analysis. Hermeneutic problematic has received the
popularization by the scientific research: V. Y . Taziy, P. M . Rabinovich, M. I. K ozubra, S. I. M aximov, A. V. Petrishin, I. P. M alinova, H. N. Atarschykova, S. S. Gusev, G. L. Tulchinsky, M. K . M amardashvili. V. G. Grafskiy, A. V. Polаykov, I. L. C hestnov, I. A. Isayev, G. I. Ruzavin, A. F. Z akomlistov, E. B ettiyi, Toyne A. Van Deick. V. Y . Taziy attracts the attention of the scientific community to study the relevance and promising of legal hermeneutics in view of the process of rethinking legal validity, construction of a new legal world view in the postmodern era. P. M . Rabinovich defends position, according to which reforms in Ukraine's foreign policy positions caused the actualization of legal hermeneutics, which provided almost decisive importance in the justification, the evaluation and study of natural phenomena. SS Gusev and GL Tulchinsky call to avoid one-sided interpretation of the universal theory of understanding – hermeneutics exclusively as understanding, that understanding
of language structures (speech, text). Scientists proposes to consider understanding as a form of moral and practical understanding of reality in general. A. F. Z akomlistov shared the view V. S. Nersesyants and S. S. Alekseev of determining the status of philosophy of law as science included in the context of legal knowledge. Moreover, the scientist goes on in their arguments and draws the necessary methodological tools in one of the philosophical concepts – hermeneutic.
Paper objective. The aim is an illustration of heuristic value hermeneutical heritage through the use of historical and chronological instruments. Research activities in this area will provide an opportunity to prove groundlessness fact correlation hermeneutic ideas only with time and work of German Romanticism F. Shleyyermahera and F. K . Saviny, followed by a transfer to date and the works of H.-G. Gadamer, A. K aufman, E. B etty. Achieving the goal will be in the proof of the timing of the historical origins of the first knowledge of the methodology of hermeneutic of Antiquity.
Paper main body. The origin immanent (instrumental) hermeneutics owes the ancient time, as the primary objective of the so-called «philological hermeneutics» era of German Romanticism was to achieve an accurate understanding of ancient texts, free сhristian interpretations. Verify the existence of applied hermeneutics in antiquity may appeal to the scientific legacy of Aristotle, especially his teachings «About the interpretation». The latter establishes a system of historical and chronological genesis of ideas that are аpplied at the heart of hermeneutic of German Romanticism and modernity. For the convenience of all research systematize hermeneutical application knowledge in three schematic ideological and canonical blocs: 1) rule philosophy of Friedrich Schleiermacher «unity of the whole manifested through its individual particles, and the content of individual particles is manifested through the unity of the whole» – the concept of «composite defined», as the ancient equivalent of the hilosophical teachings of Aristotle. 2. «Hermeneutical canons» E. B etty – syntactically-etymological interpretation initiated by Aristotle (as in the original language interpretation through rules «proper or improper definition image building» and «defining the essence of things being»). 3. «The theory of interpretation of treaties» F. K . Saviny – «tops» of Aristotle aimed to solve the question of the interpretation of what is a desired item and better. So, at first, rule for a correct understanding on the basis of its particles and vice versa, in the philosophy of Friedrich Schleiermacher, finds its roots in the concept of «composite defined» Aristotle. Secondly, there are parallels between hermeneutic canons established E. B etty, and syntactically-etymological interpretation meaning of being stuff by Aristotle. It is worth noting the existence of the third ideological block knowledge of the immanent hermeneutic, which represented work F. K . Saviny «Theory interpretation of the agreements» and their corresponding tops Aristotle can help you figure out which items are more desirable and better.
Conclusions of the research. At first, the conducted research of hermeneutical methodology proves acquiring increasing importance of new methodological approaches to understanding the law. Secondly, it can be regarded as established fact corresponding relations between hermeneutic knowledge accumulated in the present day and the day of German Romanticism, with expertise in this area, which arose in antiquity days. Thirdly, the attempt to start the systematization of the practical potential of hermeneutical organized to invite to creative collaboration of scientists to develop specific recommendations based on the available instruments that will help correct understanding and interpretation texts of normative acts for adaptation of Ukraine to EU law.
Keywords: hermeneutic methodology, instrumental hermeneutics, hermeneutical canons, rules (tops) for interpretation, understanding, knowledge, opinions, thinking, antiquity, the German romanticism, adaptation the legislation of Ukraine