Modern civilistic instruments of medical reform: issues of law implementation and law enforcement

The study of the latest civilistic instruments of medical reform is conditioned by its purpose, which is to clarify the legal nature of the declaration of choice of primary care physician and the contract for medical care under the programme of medical guarantees, highlighting the specific features of the right to choose a doctor, conditioned by the outlined tolls, as well as identifying gaps and controversies in the legislation of Ukraine and judicial practice in law enforcement in this area. The main method of the study was the method of studying judicial practice, which allowed to assess the effectiveness of law enforcement, the level of perception of legislation in this area in practice, as well as to determine the necessity of improving the legal regulation. The study highlights the problematic aspects related to the exercise of the right to free choice of a doctor, in particular due to legislative changes regarding medical reform. The legal essence of the declaration on the choice of a primary care physician has been covered. The study clarifies that it is not a transaction, but a document certifying the exercise of the right to freely choose a primary care physician. The contract on medical care of the population under the programme of medical guarantees is analysed and its civil law matter is established. It is determined that it is a contract for the provision of services under the public procurement, concluded for the benefit of third parties. The reimbursement agreement was also investigated, which is also an agreement in favour of third parties – patients in terms of full or partial payment for their medicines. The judicial practice is analysed, which gives grounds to assert the problems with enforcement and administration of law, and proposals are made to improve the current legislation, including in the aspect of the subject of the contract under the programme of medical guarantees. The "legitimate expectation" that arises in a person in the presence of regulatory guarantees is under conventional protection, as illustrated by the European Court of Human Rights in its decisions, and to change the paradigm of implementation requires a transformation of legislation. The practical significance of this study is to intensify scientific intelligence in this direction, to improve the legal regulation of these innovative legal constructions, to optimise the enforcement and administration of law in the outlined civilistic plane

Doi: 10.37635/jnalsu.27(3).2020.109-127