The article is devoted to researching the objective side of deliberately false reporting crime. Despite that the features of the objective side of the crime are the most fully reflected in the criminal legislation there are many theoretical and practical difficulties with their analisis. This makes the study of the objective side of deliberately false reporting crime very important, because the qualification of the offense and the delineation of similar crimes depends on the correct setting of these features. The question of the objective side of deliberately false reporting crime is not sufficiently developed in criminal law theory. Some contribution to the study of these issues has been made by M. I. B azhanov, I. S. Vlasov, M. I. Tyazhkova, M. K h. K habibullin, I. A. Farhiyev,
A. I. C huchayev, S. M . Y udushkin. But after the entry into force in 2001 the Criminal Code of Ukraine separate research in this field wasn’t conducted.The purpose of this paper is to determine the objective side of the crime under Art. 383 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine and to examine the importance of its features to solve both theoretical issues and some aspects of the practice of application of Art. 383 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. The article discusses the required features of the objective side of the crime under Art. 383 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, defines the essence of a socially dangerous act and the form in which it can be done. It describes the deception as a method of committing a crime. The paper explains, that the criminal act under Art. 383 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine has the form of action and in some cases mixed form of the act, which is available when the person, who tells lies about certain facts or person, hides certain facts that correspond to objective reality. It is shown that required feature of the objective side of a crime is a method of a crime – the deception, which is characterized by such categories as «content», «form» and «means». It states that the content of deception is false information about ertain circumstances for which one person misleads another, such as: about the crime event; about the person who committed it; about the event and person both. Such information about a crime may be false in whole or in part. The form of deception may be different: orally, in writing, by telephone, using the mail, computer networks or other technical means, as well as actions that are informative. The means of deception are different objects of the material world, that person uses to introduce another
person astray (forged documents, falsified objects, photos, videos, etc.). It is emphasized that the crime under Art. 383 the Criminal Code of Ukraine is completed after admission false reporting crime to the specified in the disposition of Art. 383 recipients, regardless of whether the criminal proceedings initiated or prosecuted falsely accused person, or come any other consequences. On this basis it explains the meaning of the features of the objective side of deliberately false reporting crime to solve the theoretical issues and practice of application of Art. 383 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.
Keywords: objective side, deliberately false reporting crime, a socially dangerous act, a method of committing a crime, deception