Organization of the judicial system of the European Union

The Court of Justice of the European Union, which as a part of the Court of Justice and the General Court has become the driving force, which helped in the establishment of European Union legal system, which in its turn acquired unique features, distinguishing it from other legal systems (national and international). The internal organization of judicial instances in EU reflects their different functional purposes. Due to the fact that The Court of Justice fulfills the constitutional functions, dealing with the most important for the EU legal order cases against EU institutions and Member States, and also preliminary references from their national courts, the Court of Justice is sitting in the chambers or in the Grand Chamber. In that time, the General Court manages the proceedings for claims of private persons, which are more similar to administrative functions that is why cases in the General Court can be carried out by the one judge. From the one hand, the evolution of the European Union judicial system reflects the success of European integration and effectiveness of the mechanisms of judicial protection, and, in the other shows the necessity of improvement these mechanisms, what is very important for theoretical understanding of the Court’s practice and the tendencies of judicial system development