Features of updating the civil legislation of Ukraine in the field of the right to information in the conditions of development of the global virtual environment

Nowadays, the right to information stands out with its specific features of implementation and protection compared to the original approaches laid down in the Civil Code of Ukraine and related to the usual legal relations in the material, "physical" world. The study investigates the features of updating the civil legislation of Ukraine in the field of the right to information in the development of the global virtual environment, as well as the analysis of the concept of "virtuality" to identify the specifics of information relations. It is concluded that legal regulation in the field of information relations in general and the right to information, in particular, should be based primarily on traditional legal constructions and using the terminology inherent in civil law, and to establish adequate legislation for the challenges of the information society, it is necessary to clearly agree on the positions of scientists and legislators on the concept, content, features of information, specifics of information processes and systems, which is also discussed in the studies of other fields of science, i.e., philosophy, physics, cybernetics, etc. Attention is drawn to the fact that information in civil law is considered as a separate intangible object (Article 200 of the Civil Code of Ukraine), and in the Book Two of the Civil Code of Ukraine this object acquires the characteristics of personal intangible property with all its features. The author concludes that the understanding of the processes taking place in a developed virtual environment requires the coordination of positions on the provision and implementation, protection and defence of this right with European and global trends. Such factors led, among other things, to the need to update (recodify) the Civil Code of Ukraine. The author found that starting with the first one, almost every article of the Civil Code of Ukraine contains elements of information content, is information-filled, or related to information or information relations, information rights of participants in civil relations, which requires, in turn, clarification, legal consolidation and additions to the provisions of the updated code. The proposals expressed in this study are aimed at further research on the right to information and help to find an answer to the main question – what should be the updated legislation in the field of regulation of relations related to the right to information in the context of the development of virtual systems and networks, and taking into account modern European and world trends in the legal support of the processes that occur in the global virtual environment

Doi: 10.37635/jnalsu.27(4).2020.145-160