Features of the president status in the Arab Republics (comparative analysis)

The article is devoted to the study of the specificity of the president status in a variety of Arab republics. There is a marked tendency for gradual changes in the constitutions and republican forms of government form Arab states, which are under pressure of globalization process and work of “Arab spring”. The author argues that, in Arab states status of a president indissoluble linked with the form of government. Super-presidential form of the republican governing body is virtually independent; in practice, the governing system of the legislative or judicial branches of power with hypertrophied presidential rights. The presidential republic is characterized by the personification of the president's institution, in which the head of state heads the executive power, and the government only bears responsibility before the president. The head of state with a presidential form of republican rule does not report politically to any institution. In presidential-parliamentary republics the main volume powers in the field of executive power belongs to the president, in the parliamentary-presidential republics the volume of powers of the president is much smaller, the respective powers are concentrated in the hands of the prime minister. In this system, the mechanism of renewal of its own parliamentary and presidential forms of disadvantages is laid down: for the first one – the instability of the order, the share of government crises and interest, for others – the situations preceding the personalization of state power, the personal president and his usurpation.