The Right to Information in the System of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms Man and Citizen

The article focused on research questions determine where the right to information in the system of fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen. The concept of «information» and «right to information» in the context of how they understood until recently, the Ukrainian lawyers, and the notion of information which comes from the Latin word informatio meaning explanation, interpretation, presentation. Established that the term generally refers to the right to information and what constitutes a system of fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen. Analyzed the most important ideas of leading scientists concerning the fact that the right to information classified a wide range of subjective rights, namely: 1) the right to know about the creation and operation of certain information systems relating to the private life of citizens; 2) the right to give consent to the collection of information that is personal in nature; 3) the right to verify the accuracy of such information and refute false information; 4) the right to reliable information on the environment and so on. The place of the right to information in the system of human rights and fundamental freedoms of man and citizen, according to certain criteria, based on a classification of human rights. Courtesy of the author’s conclusion regarding the attribution of rights to information to one of the generations of Human Rights, according to which the right to information arose in the context of the first generation of political rights as a means of struggle for political
freedom and against censorship, but gradually, with the development of information relations it has changed, and in today’s environment as a result of social development and information technology, and increasing the exchange of information, the right to information is of particular importance, allowing it to consider a separate value of society and seen as separate fundamental human right.