The article is devoted to the determination of the place of legal myths and analysis of mythologemes designing in the system of jurisprudence. The correspondence of legal myths to the basic criteria of scientific knowledge is considered. It was concluded, that despite the legal myths are run counter to rational and reasonable development of legal knowledge, their presence in the system of legal science is impossible to deny. The main mythologemes of legal science such as the human rights mythologeme, the mythologeme of the European law and order, the mythologeme of the law-based state was considered and characterized. Taking into account the non-identity of legal science and jurisprudence we can say, that existence of legal myths in the spheres of legal knowledge is a normal state of its development, and therefore such knowledge should be rationalized and transfer into the area of scientific method.
Keywords: legal myth, mythologems, legal knowledge, legal science, jurisprudence