In this article from the position general theoretical analysis reveals the essence of the legal restrictions as a specific warning facilities such a negative phenomenon as an abuse of law. In it provides a classification of legal restrictions, and reveals the basic functional characteristics of legal restrictions. Special emphasis is placed on explanation legislative bases of regulating establishing a legal restrictions in Ukraine, as well as in countries such as the European Union, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Poland. Based on the current Ukrainian legislation discloses the essence of the legal fact-limitations, restrictions – responsibilities, restrictions – prohibition, restrictions – termination, restrictions – punishment. Substantiates the scientific
position that preventive contents of legal constraints in a modern democratic country promotes creation the objective conditions in order to minimize the conditions for the unlawful acts of individuals who are endowed with powers.
Keywords: legal restrictions, abuse of law, official person, prohibition, cessation, rights and legitimate interests, illegal activities