Legal worldview (social and natural interpretation)

This article is dedicated to the general theoretical analysis of legal worldview phenomenon and its nature, initial contents sources, separation and correlation with other similar legal phenomena (primarily with understanding of law and legal consciousness). This analysis is based on understanding of law grounded on socially-natural needs, which helped to avoid equitation of terms «legal worldview» and «juridical worldview». The main conclusion made from the article is that the legal worldview is a person’s view of the world of naturally and socially defined possibilities to meet his or her needs, which belong to them and ensured by responsibilities of other subjects. At the same time, authors consider that juridical worldview (like Karl Kautsky and Friedrich Engels) is an idea according to which all social phenomena are the result of state-legal regulatory activity, in other words they are the product of the lex. Social and natural grounds, universality and equality of rights, tolerance to the rights of others, consensual nature of the possibilities implementation by its subjects and necessity of natural rights legal regulation are the main sources of socially-natural legal worldview (which is considered to be formed during childhood and youth, before learning the legislation of the state). There are also presented commented results of specifically-sociological survey on the condition of L’viv upper-form pupils’ legal worldview.