The article reveals reasons and main directions of preparation to conduct of the zemstvo self-government bodies reform in the period of bourgeois-democratic revolution in 1905-1907. Considered by government and land projects, which included the introduction of a new electoral system, limiting control over the zemstvo from the government and governors, empowerment of the zemstvo institutions, creating the township zemstvo. Need to democratize Zemsky government supported Poltava district council. But the defeat of the revolution makes it possible for the imperial government refused to conduct Zemstvo reform.
Keywords: zemstvo, zemstvo self-government, bourgeois-democratic revolution, zemstvo electoral system, volost zemstvo, draft zemstvo reform