The article highlights the key moments of the life and career of Professor V. S. Trahterov. Analyzed the scientific achievements of forensic scientists. Determined by its contribution to the development problems of responsibility and irresponsibility in the Soviet criminal law. The conclusion about the significance of the scientist in the preservation and development of the Kharkov school of criminal law.
Keywords: sanity, insanity, school of criminal law, the Kharkov Institute of law