Reasonable time in the context of the right to a fair trial

European Convention of Human Rights guarantees everyone a fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law (par. 1 art. 6 ECHR). Reasonable time of the trial is an element of the right to a fair trial, which should be guaranteed at the national level. Foreign and Ukrainian scientists such as Komarov V. V., Neshataeva T. M., Prokopenko O. B., Sakara N. U., Tsuvina T. A. and others in their works paid attention to different aspects of the
right to a fair trial within a reasonable time. But nowadays there is no complex study devoted to the problems of reasonable time requirement not only as an element of the right to a fair trial, but also as a criterion of effectiveness of civil justice proceedings. Main objective of the article is to study decisions of the ECHR concerning the interpretation of the right to a fair trial and analyze the criteria of reasonabless of a time of a trial in civil cases. ECtHR in its precedent practice determined moments of beginning and ending of the reasonable time of a trial. According to the practice of ECHR reasonable time of civil proceedings begins on the date on which the case is referred to a judicial authority and ends at the moment when the court decision becomes final or it can be connected with the execution of court decision. ECHR qualifies criteria of reasonableness, which must be taken into account to evaluate time of a trial as reasonable, such as the complexity of the case, the conduct of the applicant and the relevant authorities and what was at stake for the applicant in the dispute. From this point of view right to a fair trial within a reasonable time should be a methodological basis for the researching of civil justice national practice in terms of its efficiency and compliance with international standards.