Subjects of Criminal Procedure Evidence

This paper reviews the main expressed in the scientific literature views on understanding the range of subjects of criminal procedural proof. They combined several approaches. The first approach is defined as the most common, suggests that subjects of criminal procedure are members of proof of criminal procedure, which play in proving permanent, long-term (at least in the same stage of the process) and the role of those who are in it alone or predstavlyuvalnyy Procedure interest. The second approach to understanding the economic evidence provides for the assignment to them, except the subjects of the criminal proceedings referred to in the first approach, also an expert and efficient worker. The third approach – the most extensive – the subjects of proof is any bodies and persons taking part in some kind of evidence-based activities and have certain rights and responsibilities. Fourth, the opposite is the most narrow approach lies in the fact that the subject of proof may be regarded as the one who takes responsibility because of its procedural position to argue that the defendant is precisely the person who committed the crime. On the basis of the criteria defined by copyright, including: a) the performance of one of the main functions of criminal procedure (administration of justice, prosecution or defense – the publication expressed understanding of the nature of these functions), b) the availability of public or private (his or someone else’s) Procedure of interest and c) based on an understanding
of the nature of the criminal procedural proof (as a unity of activity and investigation to establish the circumstances of the proceedings (evidence, knowledge) and the rationale and proof of the facts and arguments (statements) nominated thesis (proof – study) proposed classifying them court and the parties. Based on the above author proposed definition of economic evidence. Subjects of proof – a participants of criminal proceedings that are defending their predstavlyuvanyy or legal interest in carrying out cognitive or substantiating evidence activity direction which is executing one of the main functions of criminal procedure.