The article highlights historical and legal aspects of development of the national legislation and personal data protection system in Ukraine. Author considers transformation processes and new legal standards of the European Union in this area. Main principles of the personal data processing specified in the EU legislative acts adopted in 2016 – “Data protection package” (comes into force in May 2018) are also considered. Attention is drawn to the fact that, according to these acts, personal data shall be:
1) processed legally, fairly and in an accessible form in relation to the subject of data (“legality, fairness and transparency”);
2) collected for the certain, specific and legitimate purpose and shall not be subjected to additional processing that is incompatible with that purpose (“purpose limitation”);
3) adequate and limited to those data that are relevant and necessary to achieve the purpose for which they are processed (“minimizing data”);
4) accurate and, if necessary, constantly maintained in the up-to-date state (“accuracy”);
5) stored in a form that allows identification of the subject for no longer than is necessary for the purpose for which they are processed (“storage limitation”);
6) processed in such a way as to ensure the proper protection of personal data using appropriate technical or organizational measures (“integrity and confidentiality”).
The issue of protecting the privacy, human rights and safety in the conditions of the rapid development of information and communication technologies and the development of an information society is highlighted. The necessity to implement the provisions of the EU “Data Protection Package” in the national legislation and to develop the personal data protection system in Ukraine is emphasized.
Keywords: privacy, human rights and safety, personal data, legal standards, personal data protection system, European integration of Ukraine