The process of pardoning those sentenced to life sentences and long terms of imprisonment as a criterion for increasing the liberality of the judicial system

The development of democracy, ensuring the rights and freedoms of citizens are inextricably linked with an increase in the quality and efficiency of the work of penal institutions, during which various types of criminal-executive legal relations arise, change and terminate. Attempts to introduce liberal European valu...

The essence of a helpless state of a person as an important component in the investigation of crimes

The modern legal framework, despite the definition of a helpless state in the corresponding provisions of criminal, administrative, and civil legislation, does not answer the question of what exactly should be understood by such a state due to the lack of any definitions or interpretations of this concept. This deter...

Reliability evaluation of a forensic expert's opinion: World practices and Ukrainian realities

Improving the activities of pre-trial investigation and judicial review largely depends on the increased use of special knowledge in forensic investigative practice and, above all, the involvement of an expert and their analysis. The relevance of the subject matter is explained by the need to introduce new forms and approaches to evaluating the...

Phytosanitary examination: Ukraine experience and international standards

The article explores Ukraine’s experience in conducting phytosanitary expertise based on international standards. It was stated that Ukraine should develop a series of draft in national legislation in the field of quarantine and plant protection, which would be adapted to the legislation of the European Union a...

Legal positivism in criminal law and criminology: A retrospective analysis

The article analyzes ideas of representatives of the directions in the Positivist School of Criminal Law and Criminology, namely: criminal-anthropological (biological), criminal-sociological (sociological), bio-sociological (positivist) direction. The research indicates that the main feature of the criminal-anthropological (biological) direction...